Permanent Immigration Options for Afghans with Immigration Parole [June 21, 2022]   [open pdf - 1MB]

From the Introduction: "Since late July 2021, tens of thousands of Afghan nationals whose evacuation from Afghanistan was facilitated by the U.S. government have been relocated to the United States. These evacuations were prompted by the U.S. military withdrawal from Afghanistan in the spring and summer of 2021. Some of the Afghan evacuees who were relocated to the United States were U.S. lawful permanent residents (LPRs) and, as such, can reside permanently in the United States. Others had been issued special immigrant visas (SIVs) based on their work for the U.S. government during the war in Afghanistan and became LPRs upon admission to the United States. Still others held valid nonimmigrant (temporary) visas. The overwhelming majority (numbering more than 70,000), however, did not have a U.S. immigration status or visa and were granted immigration parole at their U.S. port of entry by the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). A person granted immigration parole (parolee) can temporarily remain in the United States but does not have a set pathway to LPR status. [...] Reportedly, policymakers are engaged in discussions about the future immigration status of Afghan parolees. To assist Congress in considering these issues, this report focuses on one key question: What are the options for Afghan parolees to obtain permanent immigration status? The report begins with an overview of the immigration circumstances of Afghan nationals in the United States, focusing in particular on immigration parole. It then turns to available immigration mechanisms for Afghans to potentially obtain LPR status, such as the Afghan SIV programs and asylum. Finally, it considers proposals to establish a new statutory mechanism to enable Afghan nationals in the United States to obtain LPR status."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R47165
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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