Israel: Background and U.S. Relations [Updated June 15, 2022]   [open pdf - 3MB]

From the Overview: "U.S.-Israel defense, diplomatic, and economic cooperation has been close for decades, based on common democratic values, religious affinities, and security interests. On May 14, 1948, the United States was the first country to extend de facto recognition to the state of Israel. Subsequently, relations have evolved through legislation, bilateral agreements, and trade. U.S. officials and lawmakers often consider Israel's security as they make policy choices in the Middle East. Congress regularly enacts legislation to provide military assistance to Israel and explicitly support its security. Such support is part of a regional security order--based heavily on U.S. arms sales to Israel and Arab countries--that has avoided major Arab-Israeli interstate conflict for nearly 50 years. Israel has provided benefits to the United States by sharing intelligence, military technology, and other innovations. While Israel is the largest regular annual recipient of U.S. military aid, some Members of Congress have sought greater scrutiny of some of Israel's actions. Some U.S. lawmakers express concern about Israel's use of U.S. military assistance against Palestinians, in light of entrenched Israeli control in the West Bank and around the Gaza Strip, and diminished prospects for a negotiated Israeli-Palestinian two-state solution. A few seek oversight measures and legislation to distinguish certain Israeli actions in the West Bank and Gaza from general U.S. support for Israeli security."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, RL33476
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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