From the Document: "'What Is the Army's Mid-Range Capability (MRC) Weapon System?' Reported improvements to Russian and Chinese artillery systems present a challenge to the U.S. Army. Russia's and China's improved, longer-ranged artillery systems, new employment techniques leveraging unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) for target acquisition, and the proliferation of special munitions--such as precision, thermobaric, loitering, and top-attack munitions--have renewed concerns about the potential impact of Russian and Chinese artillery on U.S. combat operations and ground combat systems. In response to this challenge, the U.S. Army is seeking to improve its ability to deliver what it refers to as long-range precision fires (LRPF) by upgrading current artillery and missile systems, developing new longer-ranged cannons and hypersonic weapons, and modifying existing air- and sea-launched missiles for ground launch. Army leadership has stated LRPF is its number one modernization priority. The MRC Weapon System is part of the Army's LRPF modernization portfolio. It is intended to hit targets at ranges between the Army's Precision Strike Missile (PrSM) (about 300 miles maximum range) and the developmental Long-Range Hypersonic Weapon (LRHW) system (about 1,725 miles maximum range)."
CRS In Focus, IF12135
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/