Defense Primer: Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (JROTC) [Updated June 15, 2022]   [open pdf - 725KB]

From the Overview and Mission: "The Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (JROTC) is a voluntary high school program of instruction administrated by the Department of Defense (DOD) through the military departments. A key purpose of JROTC, according to 10 U.S.C. §2031 (as amended by P.L. 116-283), is 'to instill in students in United States secondary educational institutions the values of citizenship, service to the United States (including an introduction to service opportunities in military, national, and public service), and personal responsibility and a sense of accomplishment.' JROTC was established as an Army program by the National Defense Act of 1916 (P.L. 64-85) and in 1964 expanded to the Navy and Air Force. Congress authorized Coast Guard JROTC units at two schools: the Maritime and Science Technology Academy in Miami, FL, in 1989 (P.L. 101-225), and Camden County High School, NC, in 2005 (P.L. 109-241). In FY2021, there were about 3,500 JROTC units operating in every state and in DOD schools overseas. Eighth-grade students are allowed to participate in JROTC if physically co-located with 9th -12th grade students. Homeschooled students may also participate."

Report Number:
CRS In Focus, IF11313
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
Help with citations