Responding to State 'Fragility' in Coastal West Africa [May 25, 2022]   [open pdf - 822KB]

From the Document: "In April 2022, the Biden Administration identified [hyperlink] part of coastal West Africa--Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, and Togo--as a priority region pursuant to the 2019 Global Fragility Act (GFA, Title V of Division J, P.L. 116-94). U.S. military officials [hyperlink] and some Members of Congress [hyperlink] have expressed concern over a southward expansion of Islamist insurgent violence from the neighboring Sahel region, centering on Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger (see Figure 1). Benin and Côte d'Ivoire have been the hardest hit, recording at least two dozen attacks since 2020, many targeting military personnel near their northern borders. Togo has suffered [hyperlink] two attacks on northern security outposts since late 2021. Ghana and Guinea have not recorded attacks to date. Analysts have attributed most of these attacks to Sahel-based affiliates of Al Qaeda and the Islamic State that have moved south [hyperlink] to procure supplies and seek refuge, including in wildlife preserves in northern Benin and Côte d'Ivoire. Some warn [hyperlink] that armed groups may expand their presence by exploiting local tensions and grievances, extending approaches pioneered in the Sahel. Disputes between pastoralists and farmers [hyperlink], along with anger at security force abuses [hyperlink], have reportedly driven extremist recruitment elsewhere in West Africa."

Report Number:
CRS Insight, IN11938
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
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