ABSTRACT

When the Great Equalizer Shuts Down: Schools, Peers, and Parents in Pandemic Times   [open pdf - 0B]

From the Abstract: "What are the effects of school closures during the Covid-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic on children's education? Online education is an imperfect substitute for in-person learning, particularly for children from low-income families. Peer effects also change: Schools allow children from different socioeconomic backgrounds to mix together, and this effect is lost when schools are closed. Another factor is the response of parents, some of whom compensate for the changed environment through their own efforts, while others are unable to do so. The researchers examine the interaction of these factors with the aid of a structural model of skill formation. They find that school closures have a large and persistent effect on educational outcomes that is highly unequal. High school students from poor neighborhoods suffer a learning loss of 0.4 standard deviations, whereas children from rich neighborhoods remain unscathed. The channels operating through schools, peers, and parents all contribute to growing educational inequality during the pandemic."

Report Number:
Northwestern University Institute for Policy Research WP-20-56; Northwestern University Institute for Policy Research Working Paper 20-56
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Date:
2020-12-18
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Copyright:
Northwestern University Institute for Policy Research
Retrieved From:
Northwestern University Institute for Policy Research: https://www.ipr.northwestern.edu/
Media Type:
application/pdf
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