S. Rept. 117-114: Deepfake Task Force Act, Report to Accompany S. 2559, Including Cost Estimate of the Congressional Budget Office, May 24, 2022 [open pdf - 371KB]
From the Background and the Need for Legislation: "Deepfakes are highly realistic images and sounds that are created through artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML). Deepfake creators can use deepfake technology to manipulate media and replace an actual person's image or voice with artificial likenesses or voices. As the software underpinning these technologies becomes easier to acquire and use, the dissemination of deepfake content across trusted media platforms has the potential to undermine national security and erode public trust in our democracy, among other nefarious impacts. The threat that deepfakes could pose if used in misinformation campaigns is well known and well-documented. The Congressional Research Service (CRS) has noted that '[s]tate adversaries or politically motivated individuals could release falsified videos of elected officials or other public figures making incendiary comments or behaving inappropriately. Doing so could, in turn, erode public trust, negatively affect public discourse, or even sway an election.'"
S. Rept. 117-114; Senate Report 117-114
U.S. Government Publishing Office: http://www.gpo.gov/