Federal Financial Assistance and Civil Rights Requirements [May 18, 2022]   [open pdf - 1MB]

From the Document: "Congress has authorized federal agencies to distribute federal funding to aid a wide range of industries and entities. [...] The recipients of federal financial assistance are obligated to comply with various laws and regulations, including the requirements of four major civil rights laws[.] [...] As explored in more detail below, these civil rights laws are generally enforced in two ways. First, when an agency distributes financial assistance, it is responsible for ensuring recipients' compliance with the relevant civil rights laws in the funding programs it administers. [...] Second, private litigants harmed by a violation of these laws can sue in federal court to enforce relevant requirements against recipients directly. [...] This report opens with a brief discussion of the Supreme Court's treatment of Title VI, Title IX, Section 504, and the Age Discrimination Act as legislation enacted pursuant to Congress's authority under the Spending Clause before turning to an examination of these statutes' requirements, which apply to recipients of federal financial assistance. The report then notes how federal agencies and federal courts enforce these statutory and regulatory requirements. Given the legal obligations that come with the receipt of federal financial assistance, this report also explores questions regarding which types of federal aid qualify as federal financial assistance for the purposes of these civil rights spending laws, and which entities constitute recipients of such assistance. This report closes with potential legislative considerations, including a discussion of the unique aspects of legislation enacted pursuant to Congress's Spending Clause authority."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R47109
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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