AUKUS and Indo-Pacific Security [May 19, 2022]   [open pdf - 613KB]

From the AUKUS Overview: "Launched in September 2021, the Australia, United Kingdom (UK), United States (AUKUS) security pact is described by analysts as the most significant security arrangement among the three countries in a generation. Observers say the three allies launched AUKUS as a strategic response to China's growing military capabilities in the Indo-Pacific region (see 'Figure 1'). President Biden stated that AUKUS will 'update and enhance our shared ability to take on the threats of the 21st century' and noted that the three nations 'stood shoulder-to-shoulder' and fought together in two world wars, Korea, and the Persian Gulf. Although international attention initially focused on the proposed transfer of nuclear propulsion technology to Australia, observers say the pact's plan to develop advanced technologies and other military capabilities over the longer term may prove to be equally significant (see CRS In Focus IF11999, 'AUKUS Nuclear Cooperation'). The agreement may also prompt closer cooperation on other security threats. In April 2022, for example, AUKUS leaders committed 'to commence new trilateral cooperation on hypersonics, counter-hypersonics, and electronic warfare capabilities' in response to China's tests of its own hypersonic missiles, which Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Mark Milley described as 'very concerning.'"

Report Number:
CRS In Focus, IF12113
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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