ABSTRACT

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA): Background and U.S. Funding [Updated May 6, 2022]   [open pdf - 1MB]

From the Summary: "Established in 1969, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is the primary U.N. entity addressing population issues. Its overall goal is to ensure reproductive rights for all, including access to sexual and reproductive health services such as voluntary family planning. Headquartered in New York City, UNFPA operates in over 150 countries and supports more than 3,000 staff. It is funded by voluntary contributions from governments and other donors, with expenses totaling $1.29 billion in 2020. [...] The United States played a key role in the creation of UNFPA and was initially one of its largest financial donors. In the mid-1980s, President Reagan and some Members of Congress became concerned that UNFPA's country program in the People's Republic of China (PRC) engaged in or provided funding for abortion or coercive family planning programs. In response, Congress enacted what became known as the 'Kemp-Kasten' amendment as part of the FY1985 Supplemental Appropriations Act. The measure stated that no funds 'may be made available to any organization or program which, as determined by the President, supports or participates in the management of a program of coercive abortion or involuntary sterilization.' The amendment has continued to be included in annual appropriations laws, at times resulting in the withholding of U.S. funding from UNFPA."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R46962
Author:
Publisher:
Date:
2022-05-06
Copyright:
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Format:
pdf
Media Type:
application/pdf
URL:
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