Section 301 Tariffs on Goods from China: International and Domestic Legal Challenges [Updated April 5, 2022] [open pdf - 734KB]
From the Document: "In August 2017, the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) initiated [hyperlink] an investigation, under Section 301 [hyperlink] of the Trade Act of 1974, into several allegedly unreasonable or discriminatory trade practices carried out by the People's Republic of China (China). On March 22, 2018, the Trump Administration issued a report [hyperlink] finding that several of these practices were unreasonable or discriminatory and burdened U.S. commerce. Following this announcement, the Administration imposed additional tariffs on a variety of imported goods from China. These tariffs, imposed in four stages (or 'tranches') between 2018 and 2019, have been challenged by China and U.S.-based importers in international and domestic legal fora. Although these legal challenges involve the Section 301 investigation and tariff actions initiated by the Trump Administration, the Biden Administration has left the tariffs in place, and the related legal disputes remain ongoing. This Sidebar analyzes the litigation at the World Trade Organization (WTO) and U.S. Court of International Trade (CIT)."
CRS Legal Sidebar, LSB10553
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/