From the Document: "As of April 2022, most countries in sub-Saharan Africa ('Africa') had emerged from a fourth COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] wave--primarily driven by the Omicron variant, first detected in Botswana in late 2021--and were reporting relatively low caseloads. Citing these trends and increased treatment capacity in many countries, World Health Organization (WHO) officials have expressed optimism that Africa 'can control the pandemic in 2022.' [...] COVID-19 has exacerbated health system challenges in many African countries, disrupting routine immunizations, diagnosis and treatment of other diseases, maternal and child health care, and other health services. The pandemic has intensified food insecurity (especially in areas with conflicts or natural disasters) and prompted long school closures without virtual options in some countries. The initial economic impact in Africa was severe and pushed tens of millions more people into extreme poverty, according to the World Bank. The pandemic cratered global demand and prices for Africa's oil and mineral exports, disrupted trade and tourism, stemmed remittances from African workers abroad, and prompted local lockdown measures. Most African economies began to recover in 2021, buoyed in some cases by rising commodity prices, but growth rates appear unlikely to reverse increases in poverty and debt. The regional outlook remains uncertain."
CRS In Focus, IF11532
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/