ABSTRACT

Annual Report to the President and the Congress [March 1996]   [open pdf - 490KB]

Alternate Title: Department of Defense Report to Congress: Annual Freedom of Navigation Report, Fiscal Year 1995

From the Document: "Despite favorable developments in the law of the sea, including the entry into force of the UN Law of the Sea (LOS) Convention, the adoption of the Part XI agreement which reforms the LOS Convention, and the recent negotiation of the 1995 UN Convention on Straddling and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, a number of states continue to assert excessive maritime claims inconsistent with international law in waters off their coasts. Many of these claims impair the freedoms of navigation and overflight guaranteed in the LOS Convention. Although not yet a party to the Convention, the United States views the navigational provisions of the Convention as reflective of customary international law and, as such, available for all nations to enjoy. The United States also believes that unchallenged excessive maritime claims may, in time, become valid through acquiescence. Accordingly, it is necessary for maritime nations to protest excessive coastal claims through diplomatic channels and to exercise their navigation and overflight rights in disputed regions. The United States has accepted this responsibility by establishing and preserving the Freedom of Navigation Program. Since its inception in 1979, over 100 diplomatic protests have been filed and over 300 operational assertions have been conducted. During FY 1995, operational assertions were conducted by the U.S. armed forces against the following countries that maintained claims contrary to international law[.]"

Author:
Publisher:
Date:
1996-03
Series:
Copyright:
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Under Secretary of Defense for Policy: https://policy.defense.gov/
Format:
pdf
Media Type:
application/pdf
URL:
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