Annual Report to the President and the Congress [2001]   [open pdf - 277KB]

Alternate Title: Department of Defense Report to Congress: Annual Freedom of Navigation Report, Fiscal Year 2000

From the Document: "For over 20 years, the United States has reaffirmed its long-standing policy of exercising and asserting its freedom of navigation and overflight rights on a worldwide basis. Such assertions by the U.S. preserve navigational freedoms for all nations, ensure open access to the world's oceans for international trade, and preserve global mobility of U.S. armed forces. Assertions communicate that the U.S. does not acquiescence to the excessive maritime claims of other nations and thereby prevent them from becoming accepted as the international norm. Over the years, many nations have commented favorably upon the U.S.'s actions to maintain high vigilance of countries making maritime claims that exceed the provisions of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and to ensure that coastal regimes inconsistent with freedom of navigation do not become accepted as the customary norm. Challenges to other nations' excessive maritime claims are conducted both through diplomatic protests and operational assertions by U.S. armed forces, under the Freedom of Navigation Program. Freedom of Navigation assertions are non-provocative and oftentimes have persuaded States to bring their practices into conformity with the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. In FY 2000, U.S. armed forces conducted operational assertions described [in the document], all without incident."

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Under Secretary of Defense for Policy: https://policy.defense.gov/
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