Advances in Satellite Methane Measurement: Implications for Fossil Fuel Industry Emissions Detection and Climate Policy [April 1, 2022]   [open pdf - 508KB]

From the Document: "On November 15, 2021, under the authority of Section 111 of the Clean Air Act, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published a rulemaking that 'proposes comprehensive standards of performance for GHG [greenhouse gas] emissions (in the form of methane limitations) ... for new, modified, and reconstructed sources in the Crude Oil and Natural Gas source category, including the production, processing, transmission and storage segments' (86 'Federal Register' 63110, November 15, 2021). Lessening unintended emissions known as 'fugitive emissions' is one set of actions in this proposal to constrain large emissions sources known as 'super-emitters.' The rulemaking requests both information and comments on alternative measurement technologies for methane emissions, especially those attributed to super-emitters. The EPA is seeking input on technologies that could distinguish large emission events and a definitional emissions level for designating an event as 'large.' It is specified in the rulemaking that 'any emissions visible by satellites should qualify as large emission events' (86 'Federal Register' 63110, November 15, 2021). The role of evolving satellite technologies that have the ability to monitor methane and contribute to the identification of 'large emission events' is discussed here."

Report Number:
CRS In Focus, IF12072
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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