From the Introduction: "This manual is intended to assist law enforcement agencies (LEAs) in reporting incidents of hate crime to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program. It addresses policy, the types of bias crime to be reported, how to identify a hate crime, and guidelines for reporting hate crime. Federal law requires the FBI to collect hate crime data from federal, state, local, tribal, and college/university law enforcement, however the law does not require those agencies to submit hate crime data to the FBI UCR Program. Their participation in the hate crime statistics collection is voluntary. Conversely, it is mandatory for federal law enforcement agencies to report hate crime data to the FBI UCR Program. It is the law enforcement officers within these agencies who investigate offenses, determine those motivated by bias, and report them as known hate crimes that have made crucial contributions to the success of the hate crime statistics collection. Without their continued support and participation in identifying bias-motivated crimes, the FBI would be unable to annually publish 'Hate Crime Statistics'. This partnership and, ultimately, this publication serve as the cornerstone in raising the nation's awareness about the occurrence of bias-motivated offenses."
Federal Bureau of Investigation: https://www.fbi.gov/