Statutory Federal Gun Registry Prohibitions and ATF Record Retention Requirements [March 4, 2022] [open pdf - 594KB]
From the Document: "Four provisions of current law prohibit a national registry of most, but not all, modern firearms. Two of these prohibitions set limits on the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) principally, while the other two set limits on the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). In 2016, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) found ATF mainly in compliance with its limits, but a May 2021 proposed rule has raised questions anew about ATF record retention. This rule would require gun dealers to retain transaction records for the entirety of their licensed activities, as opposed to the last 20 years of those activities. These records are submitted to ATF whenever dealers go out of business. Some gun rights advocates and Members of Congress contend that this proposed rule possibly exceeds ATF's legal authority and could be in contravention to the two ATF-related registry prohibitions described below."
CRS In Focus, IF12057
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/