Biological Security Engagement in Ukraine: U.S. Cooperation and Threat Reduction Programs [March 11, 2022]   [open pdf - 619KB]

From the Document: "During its invasion of Ukraine, the Russian government has accused [hyperlink] Ukraine of possessing a clandestine biological weapons program with support from the United States. To the contrary, the United States has cooperated with Ukraine on biological security programs ranging from laboratory security to disease surveillance and pandemic response, as documented by the U.S. embassy website [hyperlink], annual budget requests, and congressional oversight hearings. These programs are rooted in the U.S. Cooperative Threat Reduction Program (CTR) [hyperlink]. The United States and Ukraine are both members of the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), which prohibits such weapons, and the United States has stated that both are in full compliance with their obligations. The State Department assesses [hyperlink] that the Russian government 'maintains an offensive biological weapons program' in violation of the BWC. Congress has raised questions about this issue in recent hearings. U.S. Director of National Intelligence (DNI) Avril Haines testified [hyperlink] on March 10 that 'we do not assess that Ukraine is pursuing either biological weapons or nuclear weapons.' State Department Spokesman Ned Price said [hyperlink] on March 9, 'Russia is inventing false pretexts in an attempt to justify its own horrific actions in Ukraine.' The allegation has led to concern [hyperlink] that Russia may be planning a 'false flag' operation in which it plants evidence or uses a biological weapon against Ukraine but blames another party."

Report Number:
CRS Insight, IN11886
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
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