AUKUS Nuclear Cooperation [Updated March 11, 2022]   [open pdf - 598KB]

From the Document: "On December 1, 2021, President Joseph Biden submitted to Congress an 'Agreement among Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States for the Exchange of Naval Nuclear Propulsion Information.' This In Focus explains the agreement's substance, as well as provisions of the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) of 1954, as amended (P.L. 83- 703; 42 U.S.C. [United States Code] §§2153 et seq.), concerning the content and congressional review of such agreements. An accompanying message to Congress explains that the agreement would permit the three governments to 'communicate and exchange Naval Nuclear Propulsion Information and would provide authorization to share certain Restricted Data as may be needed during trilateral discussions' concerning a project to develop Australian nuclear-powered submarines. This project is part of an 'enhanced trilateral security partnership' named AUKUS [Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States], which the three governments announced on September 15, 2021. The United States has a similar nuclear naval propulsion arrangement only with the United Kingdom pursuant to the bilateral 1958 Mutual Defense Agreement. The partnership's first initiative, according to a September 15 Joint Statement, is an 18-month study 'to seek an optimal pathway to deliver' this submarine capability to Australia. This study is to include 'building on' the U.S. and UK nuclear-powered submarine programs 'to bring an Australian capability into service at the earliest achievable date.' The study is 'in the early stages,' according to a November 2021 non-paper from Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, which adds that '[m]any of the program specifics have yet to be determined.'"

Report Number:
CRS In Focus, IF11999
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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