Causes and Consequences of School Violence: A Review   [open pdf - 991KB]

From the Introduction: "Although school violence is on the decline, it remains a significant concern for researchers, policymakers, and the general public. The latest Indicators of School Crime and Safety report indicates that, in a given school year, most schools will record one or more violent incidents, and one-fifth of schools will record one or more serious violent incidents. A significant minority of students will be in a physical fight at school. Smaller numbers of students will bring weapons to school or will be the victims of assault, sexual assault, or robbery at school. And, though the number will be small, there also will be youth homicides at school. Indeed, recent estimates reveal that over half of youth violent victimization occurs at school, and over half of teachers have experienced student-perpetrated violence. [...] This report takes a comprehensive look at the state of the research on school violence. It includes an empirical review of systematic reviews and a narrative review of recent empirical research on the predictors and consequences of violence in schools. Additionally, a summary of the ways that researchers have conceptualized and measured school violence is provided, and discussions about serious school violence and studies that were funded by NIJ's [National Institute of Justice] CSSI [Comprehensive School Safety Initiative] are included. Several recommendations for future research are put forth."

Report Number:
NCJ 302346; National Criminal Justice 302346
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Office of Justice Programs: https://www.ojp.gov/
Media Type:
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Listed on March 23, 2022 [Critical Releases]
Listed on School Violence [Featured Topic]