ABSTRACT

Burkina Faso [Updated February 23, 2022]   [open pdf - 593KB]

From the Document: "Burkina Faso has a history of military intervention in politics and social unrest. Kaboré's election in 2015 capped a political transition after mass protests, backed by some military commanders, ousted semi-authoritarian President Blaise Compaoré. A towering figure in West African politics, Compaoré had come to power in a 1987 coup; his attempt to evade term limits again by changing the constitution sparked the protests that unseated him. A counter-coup by Compaoré loyalists nearly derailed the civilian-led transition, but protesters and conventional army units induced the coup leaders to stand down. [...] Burkina Faso enjoyed relative peace and stability prior to 2016, when an Islamist insurgency known as Ansarul Islam emerged in the rural north and regional Al Qaeda affiliates claimed a large attack in Ouagadougou that killed 30 people, including an American. [...]In mid-2020, U.S. officials publicly threatened to suspend security assistance unless Burkinabè authorities addressed human rights concerns. As noted above, abuses appeared to decrease. The FY2021 National Defense Authorization Act required the executive branch to submit a 'plan to address gross violations of human rights and civilian harm' in Burkina Faso and other Sahel countries (P.L. 116-283, §1294). A plan was submitted to Congress in June 2021."

Report Number:
CRS In Focus, IF10434
Author:
Publisher:
Date:
2022-02-23
Copyright:
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Format:
pdf
Media Type:
application/pdf
URL:
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