Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act (EEOICPA) [Updated February 10, 2022] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Summary: "During the Cold War, thousands of Americans worked in the development and testing of the nation's nuclear weapons stockpile. Some of these workers were exposed to radiation, beryllium, silica, and other toxic substances that may have contributed to various medical conditions, including different types of cancer. Enacted in 2000, the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act (EEOICPA, Title XXXVI of P.L. 106-398) provides cash and medical benefits to former nuclear weapons arsenal workers with covered medical conditions and to their survivors. Part B of EEOICPA provides a fixed amount of compensation and medical coverage to Department of Energy (DOE) employees and contractors, atomic weapons employees, and uranium workers with specified medical conditions, including cancer. [...] Part E of EEOICPA operates similar to a traditional workers' compensation program. It pays variable cash benefits based on impairment and wage loss and provides medical benefits to former DOE contractors and uranium workers exposed to toxic substances on the job. [...] To date, Part B has paid over $7.3 billion in compensation, and Part E has paid more than $5.7 billion in compensation. Combined Parts B and E medical benefits exceed $7.6 billion. The Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Fund pays EEOICPA benefits. The fund is financed through general revenues, and it is not subject to annual appropriations. The EEOICPA Office of Ombudsman, which assists claimants and medical providers navigate the program, was scheduled to sunset on October 28, 2020, but was permanently authorized by a provision in the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (P.L. 116-283)."
CRS Report for Congress, R46476
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/