Afghanistan: Humanitarian Crisis, Economic Collapse, and U.S. Sanctions [February 9, 2022] [open pdf - 506KB]
From the Document: "Humanitarian and economic conditions in Afghanistan, long one of the world's poorest and most aid-dependent countries, have deteriorated significantly since the Taliban's August 2021 takeover, creating the largest humanitarian crisis in the world. The Biden Administration and many Members of Congress seek to maintain sanctions on the Taliban and avoid actions that would empower the group or legitimize its rule. At the same time, they and many others in the international community seek to respond to the urgent humanitarian crisis. Afghanistan's needs will persist in the absence of sustainable economic development that may be difficult without greater engagement with the Taliban. [...] Looking ahead, Members of Congress may be compelled to balance the risk of assistance being diverted to or used by the Taliban with the risks of further economic collapse, including increased humanitarian needs and heightened insecurity. The United Nations stresses that the 2022 humanitarian appeal is critical to saving Afghan lives but is a 'stopgap measure.' Without a sustainable solution-- which may entail stabilizing the Afghan economy in a way that further solidifies the Taliban's position in power--the crisis may worsen, creating greater humanitarian and economic consequences."
CRS In Focus, IF12039
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/