ABSTRACT

Semiconductors, CHIPS for America, and Appropriations in the U.S. Innovation and Competition Act (S. 1260) [January 13, 2022]   [open pdf - 556KB]

From the Document: "Semiconductors, or computer chips, enable nearly all industrial activities, including systems that undergird U.S. industrial competitiveness and national security. They are instrumental in technologies that address a wide spectrum of national needs, such as defense weapon systems, medical equipment, automobiles, industrial machinery, consumer electronics, and environmental systems. [...] Six U.S.-headquartered or foreign-owned semiconductor manufacturing companies currently operate 20 fabrication facilities, or fabs, in the United States. However, with the movement of many U.S. firms toward a fabless model (companies that design, but do not manufacture, semiconductors), the U.S. share of semiconductor fabrication capacity was 12% in 2020, down from 13.8% in 2015, continuing a long-term decline from around 40% in 1990. [...] The following sections of this In Focus discuss selected authorization provisions in Title XCIX '(Creating Helpful Incentives to Produce Semiconductors (CHIPS) for America)' of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (2021 NDAA, P.L. [Public Law] 116-283), as well as related appropriations provisions included in the proposed United States Innovation and Competition Act (USICA, S. 1260). No House bills include CHIPS for America appropriations."

Report Number:
CRS In Focus, IF12016
Author:
Publisher:
Date:
2022-01-13
Copyright:
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Format:
pdf
Media Type:
application/pdf
URL:
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