Implications for IAEA Safeguards of Widespread HALEU Use   [open pdf - 2MB]

From the Introduction: "The United States is investing $3.2 billion over seven years in the development of a new generation of nuclear power reactors that are substantially different from current light water reactors (LWRs). One commonality between most of the designs being considered is the use high-assay low enriched uranium (HALEU) fuel. If widely deployed in non-nuclear weapon states, this shift in reactor type and fuel cycle is poised to affect the implementation of safeguards by the IAEA [International Atomic Energy Agency]. This paper provides a preliminary evaluation of how the widespread use of HALEU will affect IAEA safeguards implementation so that policy makers can consider now to prepare for this future. [...] The paper includes a short background section on HALEU and advanced reactors, the key insights that the authors believe are important to consider now, and a discussion of some opportunities the U.S. might have to contribute to the international safeguards regime for HALEU. The order of the included insights does not reflect their relative importance."

Report Number:
BNL-222559-2021-FORE; Brookhaven National Laboratoy-222559-2021-FORE
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information: https://www.osti.gov/
Media Type:
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