PFAS and Drinking Water: Selected EPA and Congressional Actions [Updated January 7, 2022]   [open pdf - 1MB]

From the Introduction: "The detection of certain per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in some public water supplies has generated public concern and increased congressional attention to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) efforts to address these substances. Over the past decade, EPA has been evaluating several PFAS under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) to determine whether national drinking water regulations may be warranted. Using SDWA authorities, EPA issued nonenforceable health advisories for two PFAS--perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS)--in drinking water in 2016. In March 2021, EPA made a determination to issue drinking water regulations for PFOA and PFOS. [...] The 117th Congress has taken up legislation to address PFAS in a range of contexts. On July 21, 2021, the House passed H.R. 2467, the PFAS Action Act of 2021. As passed, H.R. 2467 would direct EPA to promulgate PFAS drinking water regulations on an accelerated timeline. Additionally, some bills would establish grant programs to assist communities in addressing PFAS. Enacted in November 2021, the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA; P.L. 117-58) provides emergency appropriations for a grant program for public water systems to address PFAS and other emerging contaminants that was authorized by the 2020 NDAA [National Defense Authorization Act]. [...] This report provides an overview of EPA's actions to address PFAS under SDWA authorities, with particular focus on the statutory process for evaluating and regulating two PFAS--PFOA and PFOS--in drinking water. This report does not address the status of scientific research on health effects that may be associated with exposure to one or more PFAS, nor does it discuss federal actions regarding other environmental statutes, such as the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)."

Report Number:
CRS Report Congress, R45793
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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