From the Document: "Congressional consideration of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022 (NDAA; H.R. 4350; S. 2792; S. 1605; P.L. 117-81 [hyperlink]) occurred as the Biden Administration was developing strategic guidance for national security and defense programs. By law, for example, the President is required to submit to Congress a National Security Strategy (NSS; 50 U.S.C. §3043 [hyperlink]) and the Secretary of Defense a National Defense Strategy (NDS; 10 U.S.C. §113 [hyperlink]). The Biden Administration stated [hyperlink] that efforts to align spending priorities with the President's Interim National Security Strategic Guidance [hyperlink] (INSSG) helped shape its FY2022 defense budget request. Officials said [hyperlink] Secretary of Defense Lloyd J. Austin III planned to submit the NDS in early 2022. In March 2021, the President released the INSSG [hyperlink], which stated that the United States faces 'growing rivalry' with China, Russia, and other authoritarian states, and would 'work to responsibly end America's longest war in Afghanistan.' Elements of the INSSG appeared to build upon [hyperlink] aspects of the Trump Administration's strategic guidance documents, including the 2017 NSS [hyperlink] and 2018 NDS. The 2018 NDS unclassified summary [hyperlink] emphasized retaining a U.S. strategic competitive edge relative to China and Russia rather than countering violent extremist organizations. This and the call for 'increased and sustained investment' to counter evolving threats from China and Russia marked a change in emphasis from previous strategy documents."
CRS Insight, IN11788
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/