Best Practices for Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) in Pandemics   [open pdf - 3MB]

From the Executive Summary: "'Purpose:' To provide a condensed set of best practices and recommendations for the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) to support humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR) in pandemics. 'Key Points:' 'Some things remain the same supporting HADR, in pandemics or not:' [1] Logistics - remains DoD's main lane and strength. Foreign military assets (FMA) should provide unique capabilities. [2] Information Sharing is critical - Keep information unclassified, and use unrestricted systems, as much as possible. [3] DoD is in support of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (USAID/BHA) during foreign disaster relief and should coordinate closely to leverage their disaster expertise and for smoother whole-of-government response. [4] Humanitarian Principles - should be respected by militaries when engaging in foreign disaster relief[.] 'Some things are different:' Localization versus large-scale International Disaster Response with FMA - A range of supporting responses may be seen, directly or indirectly, for HADR amid disease outbreaks or to the outbreak itself. The two case studies in this pamphlet explore very different responses amid outbreaks: [1] A localized response was seen in Vanuatu for Tropical Cyclone Harold in April 2020 with some international relief supplies received but no international personnel arriving from outside the country, due to COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] restrictions. [2] DoD deployed to Liberia in 2014 in response to the Ebola epidemic."

Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance. Posted here with permission. Documents are for personal use only and not for commercial profit.
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Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance: https://www.cfe-dmha.org/
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