Critical Infrastructure Risk Management: Securing the Oil and Gas Supply Chain [December 13, 2021] [open pdf - 2MB]
From the Introduction: "This report provides an overview of risk and risk management in the oil and gas subsector--part of the energy critical infrastructure sector--considering interdependencies between its various segments and a wide range of other critical supply functions. Effects from disruptions to the oil and gas subsector may propagate across the entire economy, beginning with the petrochemical manufacturing and electricity generation subsectors. These subsectors have key systems and assets that are often physically linked to oil and gas processing and refining facilities via an extensive pipeline network. Disruption effects may subsequently extend to agriculture, manufacturing, water, transportation systems, and other critical infrastructure sectors. In addition, this report analyzes the complex interdependencies between development of voluntary consensus standards, public-private partnerships, and regulatory regimes within the oil and gas subsector, and how these influence government and industry risk-management activities. This analysis may inform congressional assessments of both the overall security and resilience of the oil and gas subsector specifically, and critical supply functions more generally. Additionally, the report may provide deeper understanding of the structure and function of the national critical infrastructure security and resilience (CISR) enterprise as a whole."
CRS Report for Congress, R46987
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/