From the Document: "Venezuela, under the authoritarian rule of Nicolás Maduro, remains in a deep economic and humanitarian crisis worsened by the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Maduro has consolidated power over all of Venezuela's institutions since claiming victory in the 2013 election following the death of President Hugo Chávez (1999-2013). His United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) took control of the National Assembly, the last independent branch of government, in January 2021. The PSUV and its allies won 19 of 23 gubernatorial elections in flawed elections held in November. Maduro has quashed dissent and resisted international pressure to step down since his reelection in a May 2018 presidential vote widely condemned as fraudulent. In the meantime, support for opposition leader Juan Guaidó, the former National Assembly president once regarded as interim president by the United States and nearly 60 other countries, has dissipated. The Biden Administration and Congress continue to recognize the interim government led by Guaidó, in part to prevent Venezuelan assets abroad from coming under Maduro's control."
CRS In Foucs, IF10230
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/