From the Document: "President Biden signed an executive order on July 9, 2021, calling on the Federal Communications Commission (FCC or Commission) to consider adopting 'net neutrality' rules. Net neutrality generally refers to the idea that internet service providers should neither control how consumers use their networks nor discriminate among the content providers that use their networks. Should the FCC follow the President's prompt, it will not be the first time the agency has wrestled with net neutrality. Rather, for more than a decade, net neutrality has been a perennially challenging issue for the Commission. [...] This report provides an overview of net neutrality law as it has developed through FCC actions and court decisions. The report first lays out the statutory provisions that set the legal boundaries for the FCC's authority, including the difference between a telecommunications service subject to Title II and a more lightly regulated information service. The report then provides a historical overview of the FCC's various actions classifying BIAS [broadband internet access service] and addressing net neutrality, and examines courts' review of these actions in 'Brand X', 'Verizon', 'USTA', and 'Mozilla'. The report concludes by considering possible next steps in the realm of net neutrality law, such as potential actions by Congress or the FCC."
CRS Report for Congress, R46973
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/