Defense Primer: Department of Defense Pre-Positioned Materiel [November 26, 2021]   [open pdf - 614KB]

From the Document: "As part of its global posture, the U.S. military maintains war reserve materiel (WRM), which are stocks of essential items and munitions that, according to the Department of Defense (DOD), are sufficient to attain and sustain operational objectives in DOD plans. Some of this materiel, DOD states is designated 'pre-positioned' WRM (or PWRM), which is 'strategically located to facilitate a timely response during the initial phase of an operation.' PWRM is stored worldwide at or near points of planned use in specialized facilities (i.e., 'ashore') and dedicated ships (i.e., 'afloat'). [...] Two defense appropriations titles primarily fund PWRM: Procurement and Operations and Maintenance (O&M). For example, the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2021 (Division C of P.L. [Public Law] 116-260) provided $324 million within the Operation and Maintenance, Army account for Army prepositioned stocks. For FY2022, DOD requested $381 million for PWRM within the Operation and Maintenance, Army account. [...] The Government Accountability Office (GAO) in 2019 found 'DOD continues to provide incomplete information to Congress' and 'has not fully implemented a joint oversight approach for managing prepositioned stock programs.' Congress may wish to review whether it receives sufficient information to assess DOD's pre-positioned stocks. [...] 10 U.S.C. [United States Code] §2229a mandates an annual DOD report to Congress on PWRM. In considering the annual budget request, Congress may evaluate whether DOD has fully addressed statutory reporting requirements."

Report Number:
CRS In Focus, IF11699
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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