China's Political System in Charts: A Snapshot Before the 20th Party Congress [November 24, 2021] [open pdf - 3MB]
From the Introduction: "The political system of the People's Republic of China (PRC or China) defies easy categorization. China is both a nation state and a Leninist 'Party-state,' with the Party being the Communist Party of China (CPC or Party), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). The political system operates under two 'constitutions,' one for the Party, China's dominant political institution, and one for the state. State institutions operate fundamentally differently from their Western counterparts. [...] As strategic competition between the United States and China has grown more acute in recent years, Congress has shown a strong interest in understanding China's political system. In the 116th Congress, Members introduced 99 bills referencing the CPC, six of which were enacted into law. More than 100 such bills are pending in the 117th Congress. This report seeks to provide Congress with a detailed understanding of China's political system ahead of the CPC's 20th National Congress, which is scheduled to convene in the second half of 2022. The report opens with a discussion of how the CPC exercises its self-anointed leadership role in China's Partystate. The report then briefly discusses the ways the CPC has embedded its claim to Taiwan within China's political system. The main part of the report introduces readers to China's major political institutions through 16 organization charts and accompanying explanatory text. All individuals' names are listed in Chinese style, with family names preceding given names."
CRS Report for Congress, R46977
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/