From the Document: "The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is having widespread economic, social, and political effects on Latin America and the Caribbean. As of November 12, 2021, the region had over 46 million confirmed cases (18.3% of cases worldwide) and more than 1.5 million deaths (30.1% of deaths worldwide). [...] Latin American and Caribbean countries have been acquiring COVID-19 vaccines from a variety of sources. As of November 12, PAHO [Pan American Health Organization] reported that over 69 million doses had been delivered or were in transit through COVAX [COVID-19 Vaccines Global Access], with almost 20 million provided through country donations, including the United States. Vaccine deliveries through COVAX have been slower than expected, due to supply problems and other challenges, but have more than doubled since August 2021 and are expected to accelerate in the weeks ahead. Many countries also have signed commercial agreements with pharmaceutical companies. Both China and Russia have largely sold, and in some cases donated, COVID-19 vaccines to countries in the region, and the United States ramped up donations beginning in June 2021."
CRS In Focus, IF11581
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/