From the Document: "On November 3, 2021, the House Rules Committee released a modified version of the 'Build Back Better Act' (H.R. 5376) in Rules Committee Print 117-18 [hyperlink]. This version would establish a 'Birth Through Five Child Care and Early Learning Entitlement' (§23001 [hyperlink]). On November 17, the Congressional Budget Office estimated [hyperlink] the Birth Through Five program would cost roughly $273 billion over the 10-year budget window (not accounting for revenue interactions). [...] Section 23001 would appropriate mandatory funding to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) for child care programs in states, Indian tribes, tribal organizations, and territories. Funding for activities in FY2022-FY2024 would be capped. State appropriations for these years would be designated for particular activities ('Table 1'), including direct services (e.g., subsidies, payment rates), quality (e.g., supply-building, facilities), and administration. Beginning in FY2025, appropriations for states, tribes, and territories would be set at 'such sums as may be necessary' to ensure funds are sufficient for all eligible children seeking assistance. Capped funding would be available for grants to localities and Head Start expansions in states that opt not to participate in the program. [...] Eligible children would generally be those ages 0-5 (and not yet in kindergarten) with family incomes at or below  100% of state median income (SMI) in FY2022,  125% of SMI in FY2023,  150% of SMI in FY2024, and  250% of SMI in FY2025-FY2027[.]"
CRS Insight, IN11750
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/