K-12 Education: Students' Experiences with Bullying, Hate Speech, Hate Crimes, and Victimization in Schools, Report to the Chairman, Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives   [open pdf - 5MB]

From the Government Accountability Office (GAO) Highlights: "Hostile behaviors, including bullying, harassment, hate speech and hate crimes, or other types of victimization like sexual assault and rape, in schools can negatively affect K-12 [kindergarten through twelfth grade] students' short- and long-term mental health, education, income, and overall well-being. According to Education's guidance, incidents of harassment or hate, when motivated by race, color, national origin, sex (including sexual orientation and gender identity), or disability status can impede access to an equal education. In certain circumstances, these kinds of incidents may violate certain federal civil rights laws, which Education's OCR [Office for Civil Rights] is tasked with enforcing in K-12 schools. GAO was asked to review hostile behaviors in K-12 schools. This report examines (1) the prevalence and nature of hostile behaviors in K-12 public schools; (2) the presence of K-12 school programs and practices to address hostile behaviors; and (3) how Education has addressed complaints related to these issues in school years 2010-11 through 2019-20."

Report Number:
Public Domain
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Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/
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