Engaging with Communities to Prevent Violent Extremism: A Review of the Obama Administration's CVE Initiative [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Executive Summary: "In response to a series of high-profile homegrown terrorist attacks, in August 2011 the Obama Administration launched a multi-faceted initiative to prevent violent extremism. This program, what we call the 'Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) Initiative,' supplemented established counterterrorism practices with a set of activities designed to engage communities in the process of diminishing the appeal and effectiveness of violent extremist ideologies. The CVE Initiative developed gradually over the next five and a half years but was promptly terminated after the Trump Administration took office in January 2017. This report presents a review of the Obama Administration's CVE Initiative. The conclusions are based on research conducted from 2014-16 consisting of: a nationwide survey of US Attorneys about their CVE activities*, interviews of key stakeholders at the various federal agencies that comprised the CVE Initiative, interviews of federal law enforcement officials in local U.S. Attorneys' Offices and FBI Field Offices, and focus groups of Muslim Americans about their views of federal CVE efforts and related issues."
U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs: https://www.ojp.gov/