From the Executive Summary: "The COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic has posed major challenges to existing systems of global health governance. Even countries considered leaders in health preparedness, notably the US and the UK, struggled to contain COVID-19 domestically and were unable to mount an effective international response. As a result, the world suffered over 4.4 million deaths and an estimated 4.4 per cent decline in global GDP [Gross domestic product] in 2020 alone - the deepest global recession since the end of World War II. The economic and health impacts of the pandemic have, meanwhile, fallen disproportionately on the world's most disadvantaged and vulnerable populations. COVID-19 has therefore laid bare deep fissures in the current global health architecture and highlighted the need for urgent reform. One proposal for reducing the risk of future pandemics is to elevate public health as a national security priority."
2021 Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford
Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford: https://www.bsg.ox.ac.uk/