Missile Defense: Recent Acquisition Policy Changes Balance Risk and Flexibility, but Actions Needed to Refine Requirements Process, Report to Congressional Committees [open pdf - 3MB]
From the Highlights: "Since MDA [Missile Defense Agency] was established in 2002, DOD has invested over $174 billion developing and fielding missile defense capabilities. MDA has used its acquisition flexibilities to quickly develop and field capabilities, but has also had setbacks. In 2020, DOD determined that modifications to MDA's acquisition flexibilities were needed to better balance risk. Congress recently prohibited DOD from changing certain missile defense acquisition processes and responsibilities unless certain requirements were met. Congress also required DOD to enter into a contract for an independent study of MDA's acquisition process and organizational placement within DOD. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 included a provision for GAO [Government Accountability Office] to assess whether DOD complied with these requirements. This report assesses the effects of recent changes DOD made to missile defense nonstandard acquisition processes and responsibilities and whether, in doing so, it met the statutory requirements."
Government Accountability Office: https://www.gao.gov/