From the Document: "Although fully autonomous vehicles are not common in the transportation landscape, many companies and communities are carrying out pilots for supervised semi-autonomous trucks, shuttles, and delivery services. The U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) estimates that more than 80 companies are currently testing AVs [Autonomous Vehicles] across 40 U.S. states and Washington, D.C., and more than half of states have introduced legislation to allow testing on public roads. AVs represent a leading-edge technology in the evolution of 'Smart Cities,' where infrastructure relies on Internet of Things (IoT) devices to operate effectively. This includes AVs as a viable means for trucking, last-mile delivery, and mass transit--often referred to as mobility-as-a-service--which can benefit organizations and communities through improved mobility, access, and speed; decreased environmental impacts; enhanced safety; improved public transit options; reduced operating costs; and a shift from fixed-route, fixed-timetable services to dynamic, on-demand services. But in addition to their benefits, these cyber-physical systems (CPS) can also increase vulnerability to physical and cyber attacks at the enterprise and asset level. The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) developed this product to help Chief Security Officers (CSOs) and Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) understand the risks associated with AVs and implement strategies that can greatly reduce risk to people and property."
U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency: https://www.cisa.gov/