From the Introduction: "The Covid-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] virus presents the world with a global challenge - i.e. a challenge that can only be tackled by the combined effort of nations worldwide - that is much [more] tangible and more acute than other global challenges, such as climate change or nuclear-proliferation. Multilateral cooperation is required to best deal with the Corona crisis and its aftermath, encompassing public health governance as well as economic and human development issues in general, both in the immediate and longer-term sense. This is especially pertinent as experts warn pandemics are here to stay. Covid-19 may turn into a seasonal disease, and the next virus outbreak in the SARS [severe acute respiratory syndrome]-Swine Flu-MERS [Middle East Respiratory Syndrome]-Ebola-Bird Flu-Covid-19 sequence might be just around the corner. Structural, world-wide collaborative measures are needed to better monitor, prevent, counter and/or mitigate potential future outbreaks. [...] [I]n the face of the current pandemic and its aftermath, a tension between the need for international cooperation and the deteriorating conditions for doing so is evident. How will [t]his tension play out during the next global crisis? In this article, we address this question by looking at what the 'cultural differences between nations' and 'the different leadership styles' from the current world leaders may imply for 'the need to collaborate' to manage global crises."
The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies; DISCvision
The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies: https://hcss.nl/