Afghan Eligibility for Selected Benefits Based on Immigration Status: In Brief [October 27, 2021] [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Document: "In light of the elected Afghan government's collapse and Taliban takeover in August 2021, there has been congressional interest in the types of U.S. immigration statuses that are, or could be, options for Afghan nationals and the benefits that those statuses provide. [...] As of the date of this report, individuals evacuated from Afghanistan have entered the United States as Afghan parolees, SQ/SI [Special Immigrant] parolees, and SIV [Special Immigrant Visa] holders. Afghan nationals outside of the United States can apply for refugee status and those within the United States or at U.S. ports of entry can apply for asylum. Afghan nationals in the United States without permanent status could be covered by TPS [Temporary Protected Status] or DED [Deferred Enforced Departure] in the future if Afghanistan is designated for one of those forms of humanitarian relief."
CRS Report for Congress, R46950
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/