Law Enforcement Vehicle Lighting and Reflectivity Studies: An Overview   [open pdf - 2MB]

From the Introduction: "The Justice Technology Information Center (JTIC) undertook this study on lighting and reflectivity pertaining to emergency vehicles and first responders at the request of the National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ has a long history of supporting standards for emergency vehicle and lighting equipment, going back to the early 1980s. This document explores the history of lighting and reflectivity, the current state of adoption and future trends. Although this report deals with all three first responder disciplines (fire, EMS and law enforcement) it deals primarily with law enforcement. This document discusses the following: [1] The history of illumination and reflectivity of emergency vehicles, from simple paint color patterns to highly reflective materials. [2] The status of emergency lighting and reflectivity, including current trends among law enforcement, fire and EMS. [3] The future of emergency vehicle lighting and reflective materials. [4] Reflectivity as it pertains to first responders at emergency scenes, particularly roadway scenes such as accidents, natural disasters, directing traffic and so on."

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Office of Justice Programs: https://www.ojp.gov/
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