From the Document: "The COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic has transformed international mobility, decimating tourism and business travel; cutting the lion's share of seasonal and temporary labor migration; placing refugee resettlement on hold; and halting or holding up visa processing across all streams, from international students to family unification. More than 18 months on from the first round of travel bans in January 2020, it is clear that restarting mobility is not a linear process. The development of several effective vaccines has not offered the silver bullet many hoped, especially against the backdrop of a highly uneven global vaccine rollout and questions about whether the vaccines will have the same level of efficacy against newer, more virulent variants. [...] This report explores how different policy choices could shape the next few years of human mobility. It first describes what happened in year one of the pandemic--how border closures and travel restrictions affected different types of mobility, and what was learned about the role of such measures in pandemic management. It then sets out some possible scenarios for the next two to three years. Finally, it identifies policy questions that will be critical to address in the coming months and makes some tentative recommendations."
2021 Migration Policy Institute
Migration Policy Institute: https://www.migrationpolicy.org/