From the Summary: "The focus of this report is on the internal operation and organization of Congress. It does not address the array of external matters that affect the House and Senate, such as campaign fundraising or gerrymandering House districts. Second, the report highlights six reform goals that commonly suffuse major congressional reorganization initiatives. They include improving efficiency, redistributing power, promoting transparency, enhancing public standing, achieving policy results, and strengthening congressional prerogatives. Each objective would likely provoke an array of discrete reform suggestions proposed by Members and many others (e.g., scholars, commentators, and think-tank analysts). Third, the bulk of the report provides an examination of three joint reorganization panels whose mission was to study and make recommendations for improving the organization, operation, and role of the legislative branch. The three joint panels were created in 1945, 1965, and 1993. Specifically, the report addresses several matters that overlap each reform committee and several that are unique to each joint panel, such as the factors and forces that influenced why these bicameral panels were created and what were several of their main recommendations."
CRS Report for Congress, R46933
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/