From the Introduction: "Since the coronavirus pandemic began, civic activists around the world have shifted into a higher gear. As Carnegie's Civic Research Network analyzed last year, the gravity of the health emergency has pushed many civil society organizations (CSOs) to engage in new ways to help alleviate the pandemic's impact. Sometimes they have done this in cooperation with governments, but other times they have acted on their own out of frustration at governments' sluggish and inadequate responses to the emergency. At the same time, many activists have had to defend themselves as governments have used the pandemic as a pretext for further clamping down on independent civil society voices, under the cover of emergency laws passed to help manage the crisis."
2021 Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: https://carnegieendowment.org/