PFAS and Drinking Water: Selected EPA and Congressional Actions [Updated September 27, 2021]   [open pdf - 1MB]

From the Introduction: "The detection of certain per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in some public water supplies has generated public concern and increased congressional attention to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) efforts to address these substances. Over the past decade, EPA has been evaluating several PFAS under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) to determine whether national drinking water regulations may be warranted. Using SDWA authorities, EPA issued nonenforceable health advisories for two PFAS--perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS)--in drinking water in 2016. In March 2021, EPA made a determination to issue drinking water regulations for PFOA and PFOS. [...] This report provides an overview of EPA's actions to address PFAS under SDWA authorities, with particular focus on the statutory process for evaluating and regulating two PFAS--PFOA and PFOS--in drinking water. This report does not address the status of scientific research on health effects that may be associated with exposure to one or more PFAS, nor does it discuss federal actions regarding other environmental statutes[.]"

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R45793
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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