Israel: Background and U.S. Relations in Brief [Updated September 16, 2021]   [open pdf - 2MB]

From the Document: "U.S.-Israel security cooperation--a critical part of the bilateral relationship--is multifaceted. U.S. law requires the executive branch to take certain actions to preserve Israel's 'qualitative military edge,' or QME, and expedites aid and arms sales to Israel in various ways. Additionally, a 10- year bilateral military aid memorandum of understanding (MOU)--signed in 2016--commits the United States to provide Israel $3.3 billion in Foreign Military Financing (FMF) and to spend $500 million annually on joint missile defense programs from FY2019 to FY2028, subject to congressional appropriations. Israel was the first foreign country to purchase and operate the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. Congress also has authorized and encouraged bilateral cooperation in a number of specific security-related areas, including anti-tunnel defense and countermeasures for drone aircraft. Additional issues to be discussed below with significant implications for U.S.-Israel relations include: Challenges facing the Israeli power-sharing government that took office in June 2021, headed by Prime Minister Naftali Bennett. Israeli-Palestinian issues, including the aftermath of May 2021 Israel-Gaza Strip violence, some human rights considerations and heightened scrutiny of U.S. aid, and Israel's normalization of relations with various Arab states. Concerns about Iran's nuclear program and regional influence, including with Lebanon-based Hezbollah. Chinese investment in Israeli companies and infrastructure, and U.S. concerns about implications for U.S. national security."

Report Number:
CRS Report for Congress, R44245
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
Help with citations