Quantifying Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic Through Life-Expectancy Losses: A Population-Level Study of 29 Countries [open pdf - 1MB]
From the Introduction: "More than 1.8 million lives are estimated to have been lost due to COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] around the world in 2020. This estimate--although staggering--masks the uneven impact of the pandemic across different countries and demographic characteristics like age and sex, as well as its impact on population health, years of life lost4 and longevity. Moreover, variations in testing capacity coupled with definitional inconsistencies in counting COVID-19 deaths make the true global toll of COVID-19 infections difficult to estimate with accuracy. To address these measurement challenges, significant efforts have been directed at the harmonization and analysis of all-cause mortality data. A widely used approach to quantify the burden of the pandemic using all-cause mortality is through the analysis of excess mortality, defined as the number of deaths observed during the pandemic above a baseline of recent trends. Here we go beyond excess deaths and country-specific analyses and focus on the pressing issue of revealing the impacts of the pandemic on life expectancy from a cross-national perspective."
2021 Author(s). Posted here with permission. Document is under a Creative Commons license and requires proper attribution and noncommercial use to be shared: [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/]
Oxford Academic: https://academic.oup.com/journals/
International Journal of Epidemiology (2021), v. 00 no. 00, p.1-12