China's Recent Trade Measures and Countermeasures: Issues for Congress [September 20, 2021] [open pdf - 2MB]
From the Introduction: "This report assesses a set of interrelated trade laws, regulations, and policies that the government of the People's Republic of China (PRC or China) has adopted since 2020 that are designed to enhance its control over a wide range of commercial activity, within and outside of China, and to counter the reach of certain economic and national security-related policies and authorities of the United States and other governments. China, for example, has adopted a new law on export controls and related technology catalogues, new measures on the security review of foreign investment, measures to create and operationalize a list of 'unreliable entities,' 'blocking measures,' and a related anti-sanctions law, all of which seek to broadly limit the extraterritorial applications of U.S. and other foreign laws and policies of concern to China. The Chinese government also has drafted regulations that seek to enhance its control over critical materials such as rare earth elements (REEs), as well as data and scientific research."
CRS Report for Congress, R46915
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/